Sri Lanka

The tropical island of Sri Lanka, formerly known as Ceylon, is rich in history and tradition. It is the place where the original soul of Buddhism still flourishes and where nature’s beauty remains abundant and unspoilt. Old colonial powers have long since decamped, but the Portuguese, Dutch and British influences still impact on the culture, religion, architecture and cuisine of this fascinating country. Picturesque beaches dot the coast, while majestic mountains, tea estates and rainforests cover the interior.

When to Visit

Sri Lanka is a typically tropical country with distinct wet and dry seasons but has two monsoons. The southwest monsoon, called Yala blows from May to August with the dry season in this area from December to March. The northeast monsoon called Maha blows from October to January and the dry season in this area is May to September.


BEACHES Sri Lanka’s glorious beaches are removed from the hustle and bustle. Their beautiful golden sands welcome those interested in swimming, diving, or simply relaxing. You’re sure to find a long stretch of white sandy beach to suit you.

WILDLIFE EXPERIENCES A safari in one of the 14 national parks offers the chance to see some of Sri Lanka’s amazing wildlife - sloth bear, sambhur, mouse and barking-deer, anteater, civet cat, loris, and monkeys such as the purple-faced leaf monkey and grey langur.

SOFT ADVENTURE Sri Lanka offers a wide range of options for the adventure enthusiast. Scuba diving has a long history while white water rafting, kayaking and canoeing are some of the newer watersports. Sri Lanka also offers many opportunities for keen hikers and trekkers.

ANCIENT CITIES Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa and Sigiriya; their once glorious townships, palaces, temples, monasteries, hospitals and theatres intricately carved and modelled out of stone lay abandoned and forgotten with time amidst the soaring jungles.

YALA NATIONAL PARK Yala National Park is said to be one of best places in the world to view leopards and the best way to experience this is on a tented safari with the true ambience of the British colonial era.

LOCAL PEOPLE The people of Sri Lanka possess a warm and friendly nature. Their smiling faces and eagerness to help will surely be one of the highlights of your journey. Don't be surprised if your driver or guide invites you for dinner!

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Useful Information


Official travel advice regarding visas is available by calling 04 439 8000 or visiting their website


Sri Lanka’s genuine hospitality to tourists is renowned and the British are as popular as at any time since the country won independence in 1948. Take care to avoid religious offence, however. In particular, respect the Buddhist faith: do not touch a holy man, do not pose for photographs on religious statues and remove shoes and socks when entering temples. We recommend that you are informed as possible about the island before you arrive and try to learn some local language, read about the religion and culture and learn about local rules and values. Be sensitive to cultural difference. Note that patience, friendliness and courtesy are highly valued virtues that will win you the respect and confidence of many people.


Country Code for Sri Lanka: +94 Offical Travel Advice: Visit Emergency Services: Ambulance / Fire - 110 Police - 118/119 Tourist Police - (011) 242 1052 These numbers are gradually being phased in throughout Sri Lanka and may not cover all areas. The Emergency Services may not have English speaking staff. To avoid delay it may be best to seek the assistance of a Sinhala speaker to call the emergency services.


Sri Lanka is excellent for gemstones especially sapphires, moon-stones and cats-eye. Other items to look out for include spices, wood carvings and other handicrafts, clothing of types, batik and hand-woven textiles, brassware, handmade lace from Galle and of course tea. Tea varies in quality, so if you’re buying in bulk, ask for a tasting! If seeking modern local chic, Colombo offers a selection of department stores and stylish boutiques. Refrain from buying souvenirs made of coral (creation of this sort of tourist that contributes greatly to the destruction of Sri Lanka’s reefs), ivory or the hides of endangered animals. Generally 0930 – 1300hrs and 1400 – 1900hrs or later. Shops are closed on Sunday. In tourist areas, shops are open from 1000 – 2200hrs, including Sunday. Markets are open 0800 – 1830hrs Monday – Saturday (limited sections on Sun). Banks are open 0830 – 1230hrs and 1330 – 1700hrs Monday – Friday.  Note: Hours may change during Ramadan.


Tipping is generally expected in Sri Lanka in all of the circumstances one might usually tip. In temples, you should leave money in donation boxes, particularly if you have been taken on a tour by a resident monk.Remember that a 10% service surcharge is usually added to food bills and accommodation bills in the larger establishments, so any further investment should represent reward for good service.

Getting around

Given Sri Lanka’s fairly modest size, getting around can be a frustratingly time-consuming process. The island’s narrow roads, congested with pedestrians, cyclists and tuktuks make bus travel laborious, while in many cases travel by rail is even slower. Even with your own vehicle you shouldn’t expect to make rapid progress. Getting from Colombo to Kandy, for instance (a distance of not much over 100km), takes around three hours by bus or train, while the bus trip across the island from Colombo to Arugam Bay takes at least ten hours by public transport for a distance of 320km.Buses are the standard means of transport. Services reach even the remotest corners of the island, though they’re generally an uncomfortable way of travelling. Trains offer a more characterful, if generally slower, means of getting about, and will get you to many parts of the country – eventually. If you don’t want to put up with the vagaries of public transport, hiring a car and driver can prove a reasonably affordable and extremely convenient way of seeing the island in relative comfort. If you’re really in a rush, consider SriLankan Airlines’ network of “air taxis”, which offer speedy (albeit inevitably pricey) connections between Colombo and other parts of the island.


Sinhala, Tamil.


The following information is intended as a guide only and in no way should it be used as a substitute for professional medical advice relative to a travellers individual needs and vaccination history. No guarantee is made as to its accuracy or thoroughness. For further information, please contact The Travel Doctor on  (+64) 9 373 3531. Vaccination against Hepatitis A is recommended for travellers to Sri Lanka. Vaccination against Hepatitis B, Rabies (particularly if working with animals) Typhoid (particularly when travelling to areas with poor sanitation and hygiene) and Japanese Encephalitis may be considered depending on itinerary. Care with food and beverage selection is recommended. There is a medium risk of Malaria in Sri Lanka and Dengue Fever also occurs, as such insect avoidance measures and anti malarial medication may be necessary depending on itinerary. Please consult a medical practitioner or contact The Travel Doctor for your specific risk to these preventable diseases and the appropriate avoidance measures. New Zealanders travelling to Sri Lanka should ensure that they have adequate travel insurance to cover the length of their stay. Medications that are legal in New Zealand may be illegal in other countries. 


Electrical Socket type: European Voltage: 220-240 volts (same as New Zealand, no voltage/frequency converter required). Modem Socket: UK and USA. Tip: The Indian/old British socket may also be found in some areas, usually at a lower voltage. Source: Korjo Travel Products. To purchase electrical/modem adapters, or for further information on this matter, please view the Korjo adapter guide at