Northern Canada

Head to Canada's spectacular Northwest Territories and discover the diverse landscapes that range from Arctic coastline and wide open tundra to towering mountains and dramatic river canyons. View epic displays of the Northern Lights, hike in national parks with an array of wildlife or canoe a wild northern river few have ever seen. Experience the True North of Nunavut, where you can learn about Inuit culture and mush across the frozen landscape on a dog sledding adventure. Or travel to the Yukon Territories, home of the world’s largest ice fields, an incredible profusion of flora and fauna and Canada’s five tallest mountain peaks. Bursting with almost limitless outdoor activities, a visit to Yukon is an experience to be added to your bucket list.

When to Visit

Yellowknife in the Northwest Territories is Canada's sunniest city in the spring and summer, and the clear days make it one of the best places to enjoy the Northern Lights and the midnight sun. The Yukon enjoys endless warm summer nights and beautiful spring days, while the autumn sees the tundra transformed by oranges, yellows and reds and the winter months are perfect for dog sledding, snowmobiling and watching for the Aurora Borealis overhead. 


WILDLIFE Go on an arctic safari to see beluga whales and the mysterious narwhal; witness hundreds of thousands of caribou migrating across the tundra; search for polar bears, arctic fox and muskox; and visit walrus out on the ice.

WINTER Embark on a winter dog sledding adventure through the Yukon wilderness or travel overland from the Pacific to the Arctic, along snow covered highways and roadways built of ice and enjoy the beautiful scenery of this vast wilderness region.

CULTURE & HERITAGE Learn more about Canada's First Nations people; visit the Inuvialuit village of Tuktoyaktuk on the Arctic Coast and uncover the fascinating Gold Rush heritage of the Yukon.

ACTIVE HOLIDAYS The Yukon wilderness offers hikers the chance to discover hidden lakes, follow rivers and canyons and hike the countless trails to reach panoramic views over the picturesque landscape.

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Useful Information


Country Code for Canada: +1

Visa Global Assistance: 1866 639 1911 Directory Information: 411

Emergency Services: 911 The emergency services number may not be applicable in remote areas. 


The ethnic diversity of Canada means that rules of social propriety are quite complex. There are certain general expectations. Greeting, except in formal settings, does not require touching in the form of embraces or handshakes. As a community, Canadians are in general soft spoken, patient, and almost apologetic in their public behaviour. They are also in general tolerant of the complex network of cultural differences in public behaviour, more so in cities where such diversity is more common place.


Electrical plug type: American (some Japanese)

Voltage: 110-120 volts (Australia 240 volts)

Modem plug type: American (same as Australia).

Getting Around

All major communities in the Northwest Territories are linked by year-round highways and in winter most remote areas will have ice roads built on top of packed snow and thick lake ice. There is also a scheduled air service from Yellowknife to communities through to southern half of the territory. The Yukon is easily accesible by road in the summer months via a number of highways which connect the territory with Alaska and British Columbia.


The following information is intended as a guide only and in no way should it be used as a substitute for professional medical advice relative to a travellers individual needs and vaccination history. No guarantee is made as to its accuracy or thoroughness. For further information, please contact The Travel Doctor. 

Frequent travellers or those intending a long stay overseas should consider vaccination against Hepatitis B. 

Please consult a medical practitioner or contact The Travel Doctor for your specific risk to these preventable diseases and the appropriate avoidance measures. Australians travelling to Canada should ensure that they have adequate travel insurance to cover the length of their stay. For further information visit the Smartraveller website


English is the official language however almost 20% of people speak French, especially in Eastern Canada. Indigenous languages are also spoken in Northern Canada.


You'll enjoy convenient shopping hours across Canada with many stores open from 9am or 10am to 6pm seven days a week. City stores and suburban shopping centres are also open until 9pm on several weeknights, particularly on Thursday and Friday. Sunday shopping is permitted in all provinces and territories across Canada. 


Tipping is practiced in Canada in a similar manner to the United States. It is a common practice in restaurants to have servers share their tips with other restaurant employees, a process called "tipping out". Workers who receive tips are legally required to report the income to the Canada Revenue Agency and pay income tax on it. 


For the most up to date information regarding visas for Australian passport holders to Canada, visit